The Creation

Genesis 1:1-2:3

Highlights From this Passage

  • God creates the heavens and the earth. 
  • God creates the light and the darkness
  • God creates the sky.
  • God separates the waters from the earth. 
  • God creates the sun, moon, and stars. 
  • God creates the fish, birds, and animals 
  • God creates humankind and gives him rule over all creatures.
  • God provides for humankind and animals. 
  • God rests on the seventh day and makes it holy.

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In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep and God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.

God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. God saw the light, and saw that it was good. God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light “day”, and the darkness he called “night”. There was evening and there was morning, the first day.

God said, “Let there be an expanse in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” God made the expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so. God called the expanse “sky”. There was evening and there was morning, a second day.

God said, “Let the waters under the sky be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear;” and it was so. God called the dry land “earth”, and the gathering together of the waters he called “seas”. God saw that it was good. God said, “Let the earth yield grass, herbs yielding seeds, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with their seeds in it, on the earth;” and it was so. The earth yielded grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with their seeds in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs to mark seasons, days, and years; and let them be for lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth;” and it was so. God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He also made the stars. God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light to the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

God said, “Let the waters abound with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the sky.” God created the large sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind. God saw that it was good. God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures after their kind, livestock, creeping things, and animals of the earth after their kind;” and it was so. God made the animals of the earth after their kind, and the livestock after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind. God saw that it was good.

God said, “Let’s make man in our image, after our likeness. Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the livestock, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them. God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree, which bears fruit yielding seed. It will be your food. To every animal of the earth, and to every bird of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food;” and it was so.

God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. There was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

The heavens, the earth, and all their vast array were finished. On the seventh day God finished his work which he had done; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. God blessed the seventh day, and made it holy, because he rested in it from all his work of creation which he had done.


My Philosophy of Education

Education refers to the process of teaching learners about the world around them. Knowledge, teaching, learning, and wisdom are necessary for education. Education must assume that an objective reality exists. Truth is a statement that corresponds with reality, and knowledge is a justifiable true belief acquired through a reliable process. Although humanity has not discovered all truth, it is possible to know what is true. A teacher’s role is to instruct learners by communicating knowledge about the world. Wisdom refers to the ability to use knowledge with sound judgment.

Education involves communicating knowledge to learners by speaking the truth, and all truth comes from God, who is the creator of the universe. Proverbs 2:6 says, “For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding” (NIV). The unchanging nature of truth allows humanity to study and understand the universe. The notion of relative truth is self-contradicting because two or more conflicting statements about the universe cannot be simultaneously true. Popular opinion does not determine what is true, and truth is not subjective. Although we may refine the way we express truth with our language and understanding over time, truth is objective, absolute, and unchanging. There are two ways by which we can know God’s truth: general revelation and special revelation.

General revelation refers to the truth that God reveals through nature. God created all that exists, including all the natural laws. Genesis 1:1 says, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (NIV). God says, “It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts” (Isaiah 45:12, NIV). We can know things about the natural world by observing nature with the gift of reason, which includes the scientific process, that God gives us. God, furthermore, reveals moral truth by general revelation also. Though God’s moral truth is summarized in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-21) and expounded upon throughout the Bible, people know a sense of moral right and wrong by the light of nature, and they are without excuse (Romans 1:18-32).

Special revelation refers to what God reveals about salvation. God reveals this special revelation through the Scriptures and the person and work of Jesus Christ. Since all aspects of human nature have been affected by sin, only God the Holy Spirit can convince people of the truth of His salvation. This salvation comes by God’s grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, according to the Scriptures alone, and for His Glory alone.

Teaching is a spiritual gift that God has given to some individuals. In Ephesians 4:11-12, Paul says, “Christ himself gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers, to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up” (NIV). Teachers should understand their responsibilities because of the higher standard to which God holds them. James warns readers in 3:1 of his epistle about the great responsibilities that come with teaching: “Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly” (NIV). Teachers should teach what is true and never lead others astray with false teachings. Education is more than a teacher disseminating knowledge, however. A teacher’s role is to help learners understand truth. Teachers, furthermore, show learners how all fields of knowledge interconnect with each other. Teachers also spark an interest within learners to learn about a subject by showing them the subject matter’s relevance to their lives.

Learners enter learning environments with varying amounts of knowledge. Each learner is unique and has prior experiences. Learners, furthermore, may have different aptitudes and interests. Not everyone should be expected to excel in all subjects because God gives everyone unique talents and abilities to different individuals. Paul parallels this truth in Romans 12:4-5, saying, “just as each of us has one body with many members, and these members do not all have the same function, so we in Christ, though many, form one body, and each member belongs to all the others” (NIV). Teachers, nevertheless, should expose learners to several subjects because this will help them understand how their unique abilities fit with other people’s unique abilities. A well rounded education, furthermore, that is grounded in a balance of the liberal arts and training for a particular trade is necessary for living an intelligent Christian life. Not all learners learn the same way, so teachers need to be familiar with different teaching methods. A teacher may need to use various instructional methods such as lectures, independent studies, hands-on activities, or group discussions throughout a lesson to accommodate people’s different learning styles. Teachers also help learners think critically about a subject so they can add their thoughts and help expand upon knowledge in that field.

Learners can become highly educated and knowledgeable fools. Wisdom is necessary to make a learner’s education complete. Teachers should advise learners to seek discernment from God. The psalmist in Psalm 119:125, speaking to God, says, “I am your servant; give me discernment so that I may understand your statutes” (NIV). Knowledge without wisdom is not education. The goal of education is to obtain wisdom to apply knowledge with wise discretion.

Education by itself will not cure all of society’s ills because only God can accomplish that task. Education can, however, play a role in the Great Commission and in God’s plan to redeem His creation. Education is important because it seeks to communicate knowledge to people and help them apply knowledge wisely. Teachers play the most important role in education because they are like messengers who declare God’s truth to the world.

Racism: An Affront to the Image of God

Racial tensions have increased recently in the United States after George Floyd’s fatal arrest in Minneapolis, MN. Floyd, a black African-American, was accused of using a counterfeit bill at a convenience store. The police were called, and accusations of racism have been brought against them. The controversy centers around how white officer Derek Chauvin fatally restrained Floyd by kneeling on his neck for over eight minutes.

The Minneapolis Incident

Floyd may have been guilty of the accusation. Still, the nation and even the world criticized the policemen for the way they handled the situation. They restrained Floyd with handcuffs, and some people believe that the amount of force used against him was excessive. The fact that a white officer appears to be at fault has caused another eruption in racial tensions in a country with a history of racism and enslaving African-Americans. Protests throughout the United States and the world took place in response to the incident in Minneapolis.

A Brief History of Racism and Slavery in the United States

Slavery is not a principle upon which the founders established the United States. However, the United States permitted slavery and considered slaves as only three-fifths of a person for determining representation in Congress in its early history is hypocritical. Northern states began to favor abolishing the practice in the days leading up to the American Civil War. The nation fought over the nature of states’ rights, but slavery was the social wedge issue. Southern states argued it was their right to determine for themselves whether or not they would be a “free state” or “slave state.”

After the northern states won the war, the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution officially abolished slavery. Still, it did not stop state or local governments from creating “separate but equal” laws to segregate whites and blacks. These segregation laws were in effect well into the twentieth century. 

The United States has come a long way since its founding in regards to its treatment of minorities. Not long ago, it elected Barack Obama as its first black president for two consecutive terms. Just a few generations ago, civil rights protections for all races were recognized. However, pockets of racism still exist in areas of American life. Some blacks may have their suspicions of whites when incidents like what took place in Minneapolis occur.

Biblical Application

A jury has not yet determined the verdict on the officers’ behavior as of this writing. The news, however, provokes many thoughts. What makes racism morally wrong? Is it the enactment of certain laws that make it wrong? Does a consensus of opinions make it wrong? Does it get determined by whoever wins a war? What objective moral standard is there?

Moral absolutes come from God, our Creator. The Bible gives us the answer to why racism is morally wrong. Genesis 1:27 tells us that God created people in His image (that is to say, in His likeness). The image of God establishes the basis of everyone’s equality. Everyone is a part of His creation. Everyone deserves the same respect and treatment because of it. Just as God’s essence is in the three persons of the Trinity, the likeness of God is in all persons of humanity. Racism and slavery are blasphemous because they depict the Trinity behaving in such ways.

Racism is not just a societal problem. It is a sin problem in the hearts of corrupt and depraved individuals in need of redemption. May God forgive us all when we have failed. May He mend our relationships as the nation moves forward.